Hip Resurfacing BHR
Dr. Anton Plakseychuk MD, PhD

Bone and Joint Center at Magee-Womens Hospital,
Pittsburgh, PA

Advantages of Hip Resurfacing

Calling DIYers

The advantages of hip resurfacing over traditional total hip replacements is an area of controversy among orthopaedic surgeons. A great deal of research is currently being done on this topic.

  • Bone preserving operation compare to hip replacement
  • Hip resurfacings may be easier to revise. Because the components (called implants) used in hip replacements and hip resurfacings are mechanical parts, they can — and do — wear out or loosen over time. This typically occurs between 10 and 20 years after the procedure, although implants may last longer or shorter periods of time. If an implant fails, an additional operation may be necessary. This second procedure is called a revision and it can be more complicated than the initial operation. Because hip resurfacing removes less bone from the femur (thighbone) than a traditional hip replacement, many surgeons believe it is easier to exchange implants that fail after hip resurfacing.
  • Decreased risk of hip dislocation. In hip resurfacing, the size of the ball is larger than in a traditional hip replacement, and it is closer to the size of the natural ball of your hip. Because of this, it may be harder to dislocate. This stance is controversial because several factors can affect the risk of dislocation, such as surgical approach, and the type and size of the implants used.
  • More normal walking pattern. Several studies have shown that walking patterns are more natural following hip resurfacing compared to traditional hip replacement. These differences in walking are quite subtle, however, and special instruments are needed to measure them.
  • Greater hip range of motion. Hip resurfacing patients are usually able to move their hips in a greater range of motion than total hip patients. However, certain total hip implants can achieve the same range of motion as hip resurfacings.

Candidates for Surgery

Getting (and staying) fit can be fun
Your doctor may recommend surgery if you have more advanced osteoarthritis and have exhausted the nonsurgical treatment options. Surgery should only be considered if your hip is significantly affecting the quality of your life and interfering with your normal activities.

Unlike hip replacement, hip resurfacing is not suitable for all patients. Generally speaking, the best candidates for hip resurfacing are younger (less than 60), larger-framed patients (often, but not always male) with strong, healthy bone. Patients that are older, female, smaller-framed, with weaker or damaged bone are at higher risk of complications, such as femoral neck fracture.

A comprehensive evaluation by your orthopaedic surgeon will help you determine if you are a good candidate for hip resurfacing.


The typical patient will be physically active, under 60 years of age and suffering from hip arthritis, hip dysplasia or avascular necrosis of the hip. The implant can be used in patients over 60 whose bone quality strong enough to support the implant. The BIRMINGHAM HIP Resurfacing System (BHR) is a single use device intended for hybrid fixation: cemented femoral head component and cementless acetabular component. The BHR is intended for use in patients requiring primary hip resurfacing arthroplasty due to:

  • Non-inflammatory arthritis (degenerative joint disease) such as osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis or dysplasia/DDH.

  • Inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis

  • Patients with infection or sepsis
  •  Patients who are skeletally immature

  • Patients with any vascular insufficiency, muscular atrophy, or neuromuscular disease severe enough to compromise implant stability or postoperative recovery

  • Patients with bone stock inadequate to support the device including patients with severe osteopenia or with a family history of severe osteoporosis or severe osteopenia

    • Note: In cases of questionable bone stock, a DEXA scan may be necessary to assess inadequate bone stock.

  • Females of child-bearing age due to unknown effect on the fetus of metal ion release
  • Patients with known moderate to severe renal insufficiency
  • Patients who are immunosuppressed with diseases such as AIDS or persons receiving high doses of corticosteroids
  • Patients who are severely overweight (more than 300 lb)
  • Patients with known or suspected metal sensitivity (e.g., jewelry)

Anton Plakseychuk MD, Hip Resurfacing
300 Halket Street Pittsburgh, PA 15213 US
Phone: 412-641-8609 Website: http://hip-resurfacing-bhr.com
Office Hours Monday and Wednesday

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